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There were two types: Angular and domed. The framework of the former was made by settings poles in the ground at an angle to form a cone. The other was made by tying branches together to form a dome. They were called wigwams.
Cartier thus describes Hochelaga:
"The village is circular and is completely enclosed by a wooden palisade in three tiers like a pyramid. The top one is built crosswise, the middle one perpendicular...
As she neared the gate, an Indian, who had outstripped his companions, caught the kerchief that covered her shoulders, but she loosed herself, and rushing in, with the aid of the manservant, she slammed and bolted the gate fast.
The conversion of the Indians to Christianity was one of the earliest and most important objects of the French in Canada. Champlain, who was sincerely pious, declared that the salvation of one soul was of more value than the conquest of an empire.
Woman pounding corn in a hollowed log.
Corn on cob drying under bark shelter.
Making a maple sap trough from a basswood log by first burning it out and then finishing it with a stone adze.
Woman weaving a basket.
"'A Prairie Trail' by C.W. Jefferys, full of glorious Canadian sunlight and fairly reeking with truth of character of our great west." Beatty, J.W. "Canadian art appreciated." In Canadian Courier, Dec. 28, 1912, p. 6. Illus.