Henry Kelsey Sees the Buffalo
C.W. Jefferys' notes about this picture from The Picture Gallery of Canadian History Volume 1
Henry Kelsey, a young man in the service of the Hudson's Bay Company, was sent, in 1690, to establish trade relations with the Indians of the plains. He spent two years among them, and penetrated farther into the prairie than any previous white man, but his route and the distance he travelled are not certainly known. He was the first white man to see and describe the muskox, the grizzly bear and the buffalo.
His journals and letters have been published by the Public Archives of Canada in The Kelsey Papers, with an introduction by Sir Arthur Doughty and Professor Chester Martin, which gives all the information available concerning Kelsey, his journey, his connection with the Company, and his subsequent career.
“Cover picture.” In The Beaver, December 1927, cover and p. 117. Illus.
“Our cover picture is a reproduction of our historical calendar for 1928.
It depicts Henry Kelsey, the Hudson’s Bay Company explorer, viewing
the buffalo on the prairie in August 1691. Kelsey was the first white man
to witness this thrilling spectacle. The picture is the work of Charles W.
Moore, Kathleen and McEwen, Jessie. A picture history of Canada. Toronto,
Thomas Nelson, 1930? 103 p. Illus.p. 36 - “Kelsey sights the Buffalo” by permission of HBC
Highroads to reading, book five. Toronto, W. J. Gage, 1936.
352 p. Illus.
p. 156 - “Kelsey’s first sight of the buffalo. – C.W. Jefferys.
From the original painting. Reproduced by permission
of the Hudson’s Bay Company.” [colour]
Guillet, Edwin and Mary. The pathfinders of North America. Toronto, Macmillan,
- 304 p. Illus.
p. 165 - “Kelsey sees the buffalo”
- 304 p. Illus.
- Jefferys, Charles W. 1942 The Picture Gallery of Canadian History Volume 1, p. 171
Wallace, W. Stewart. By star and compass. Toronto, Ryerson Press, 1953.
Rev. Ed. 167 p. Illus.
p. 107 - “Henry Kelsey saw Indians hunting buffalo on the western
Encyclopedia Canadiana. Toronto, Grolier, 1957-1958. 10 v. Illus.
v.5, p. 136 d – “Henry Kelsey sights a herd of bison on the prairies”
McEwen, Jessie and Moore, Kathleen. A picture history of Canada. Toronto,
Nelson, 1966. Rev. and enl. Ed. 137 p. Illus.
Pl. 14 - “Kelsey sights the buffalo”
Hodgson, Maurice. “The exploration journal as literature.” In Beaver, Winter
1967, p. 4-12. Illus.
p. 6 - [Kelsey and the buffalo]
Williams, Glyndwr. “Kelsey, Henday, and the prairies.” In Beaver, Autumn 1970, p. 21-27. Illus.
p. 21 - “[Henry Kelsey and the buffalo]
Bowman, Bob. Dateline: Canada. Toronto, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1973.
Aug. 23 - “Henry Kelsey sees buffalo on the Western Plains”
Newman, Peter C. Company of adventurers, v. 1. Toronto, Viking, 1985. 413 p.
p. 213 - “Kelsey sees the buffalo, 1691”
Newman, Peter C. Empire of the Bay. Toronto, Viking Pess, 1989.
223 p. Illus.
p. 64-65 - “On his journey inland, Kelsey became the first Bay man to
see the Prairies.”
65 Kelsey Sees the Buffalo, August 1691 by C.W. Jefferys. Hudson’s
Bay Company Archives, Provincial Archives of Manitoba
Begbie Contest Society. “Canadian primary sources in the classroom:
fur brigades. July 2017. 54 p. Illus.
Accessed July 27, 2017.
p. 5 - “1691 Henry Kelsey sees the buffalo on the western plains,
A Picture History of Canada. Charles William Jefferys
1920s or 1930s?’”
Burgess, Helen. “Company of adventurers: the story told in pictures.”
In Beaver, Feb./Mar. 1990, p. 50-51. Illus.
p. 50-51 - “Kelsey sees the buffalo, August 1691”
“Henry Kelsey’s great adventure.” In Beaver, June-July 1990, p. 4-5. Illus.
cover - “Kelsey sees the buffalo, 1691”
Basque, Garnet, ed. Frontier days in Alberta. Langley, B.C., Sunfire Pub. Ltd., 1992. 112 p. Illus.
Cover - [Kelsey sees the buffalo, 1691]
Paci, Andrea M. Picture this: Hudson’s Bay Company calendar images and their documentary legacy, 1913-1970. Winnipeg, Dept. of History, University of Manitoba, 2000. Master’s Thesis. 143 p. Illus.
Hudson’s Bay Company. “HBC calendar art gallery: for teachers.”
9 p. illus.
Accessed at HBC website 2014, but no longer there as of Dec. 2018.
p. 3 - “Kelsey Sees the Buffalo, 1691, by Charles William Jefferys”
[HBC calendar for 1928]
Arnold, Phyllis A. The fur trade in the West. Edmonton, Edmonton and District Historical Society, 2016. 88 p. Illus.