The Picture Gallery of Canadian History Vol. II
Bibliography and Sources of Information
Many of the sources given in Vol. I of The Picture Gallery of Canadian History contain much that relates also to the period covered by this volume. They are not repeated herein. The list, especially that of the bibliography, does not pretend to be complete. It includes those which I have found most useful. Hence many sources indispensable to the detailed knowledge of other topics in Canadian history are omitted.
An acquaintance with the political and constitutional development of the country, however, is necessary as a basis for the proper understanding and the true and complete representation of its social life. Without this, no amount of special knowledge of details will convey the right historical and artistic atmosphere, or the connection of the subject depicted with its period. Lacking this pervading sense of the time-spirit, many otherwise admirable works, literary, pictorial and dramatic, remain only "costume pieces." I am keenly conscious that many of my own attempts at imaginative pictorial reconstruction attain only this outward appearance, and fail to express the inner significance. I must be content if they arouse an interest that will lead to further study.
I. GENERAL WORKS
Canada : H. E. Egerton.
History of Canada (1763-1812) : C. P. Lucas.
The Making of Canada : A. G. Bradley.
Canada, The Foundations of Its Future : S. Leacock.
British Emigration to British North America : Helen G. Cowan. 1928.
The Canadians : G. M. Wrong.
Dominion of the North : D. G. Creighton.
II. UNPUBLISHED MANUSCRIPTS
"D. W. Smith Papers": Toronto Public Library.
"Jarvis Papers": Toronto Public Library.
"Powell Papers": Toronto Public Library.
"Laurent Quetton St. George Papers": Toronto Public Library.
"Letters of Mrs. Martin Hunter": Transcripts by G. H. Markham, Saint John, N.B.
"Journal of Sir Martin Hunter": Transcripts by G. H. Markham, Saint John, N.B.
"Inventory of Furniture, etc., of the Late Sir William Johnson": Transcripts by Mrs. Celia File.
"Journal of York Factory,1787 ": Transcripts by C. W. Jefferys.
"Journal of Fort Severn, and Letters,1783 ": Transcripts by C. W. Jefferys.
"Cartwright Papers": Douglas Library, Queen's University.
"Garrison Orders, etc., Fort Niagara, 1812-13": Douglas Library, Queen's University.
"DeSalaberry Papers": Archives of Canada, Ottawa.
"Haldimand Papers": Archives of Canada, Ottawa.
"Pictures of Canadian Military Events, etc.": A. Sandham. Archives of Canada, Ottawa.
III. REPRINTS OF DOCUMENTS, LETTERS, ETC.
Journals of the Siege of Quebec, 1775-76 : Literary and Historical Society of Quebec.
The Winslow Papers, 1776-1826 : Edited by Rev. W. 0. Raymond.
Journey ... to the Northern Ocean, 1769-72. Samuel Hearne : Edited by J. B. Tyrrell. (Champlain Society)
Nova Scotia Documents : Atkins.
Travels in . .. North America, 1793. Patrick Campbell : Edited by H. H. Langton and W. F. Ganong. (Champlain Society)
Diary of Mrs. Simcoe : Edited by J. Ross Robertson.
Correspondence of Lt. Gov. J. G. Simcoe : Ontario Historical Society.
The Russell Papers : Ontario Historical Society.
Journal of Capt. James Colnett aboard the Argonaut, 1789-91 : Edited by F. W. Howay. (Champlain Society)
Documentary History of the War of 1812 : Edited by E. Cruikshank. (Lundy's Lane Historical Society)
Select Documents of the War of 1812 : Edited by William Wood.(Champlain Society)
Documents relating to the North West Company : Edited by W. S. Wallace. (Champlain Society)
Narrative of David Thompson's Explorations : Edited by J. B. Tyrrell. (Champlain Society)
Colin Robertson's Letters, 1817-22 : Edited by E. E. Rich. (Champlain Society)
Minutes of Council of Northern Department 1821-23 : Edited by R. H. Fleming. (Champlain Society)
Hargrave Correspondence, 1821-43 : Edited by G.de T. Glazebrook. (Champlain Society)
Twenty-Five Years' Service with the Hudson's Bay Company. John McLean. Edited by W. S. Wallace. (Champlain Society)
Simpson's Athabasca Journal : Edited by E. E. Rich. (Champlain Society)
The foregoing works and others concerning the fur trade of the northwest, published by The Champlain Society are ablyedited, copiously annotated, and give many valuable details regarding equipment, goods, methods of transportation, canoe routes, etc.
Les Bourgeois de la Compagnie du Nord-Ouest : Masson.
Hadfield's Diary. 1785.
Travels and Adventures in Canada and the Indian Territories, 1760-'96. Alexander Henry : Edited by James Bain. Description of Massacre at Michilimackinac.
IV. CONTEMPORARY WORKS, EXPLORATION AND TRAVEL
Voyage to the Pacific Ocean : James Cook. 1784.
Voyage of Discovery : G. Vancouver. 1798.
Travels : Due de La Rochefoucault Liancourt. 1799.
Tour in Upper and Lower Canada : J. C. Ogden. 1799:
Travels : Isaac Weld. 1800.
Voyages : Alexander Mackenzie. 1801.
Travels through the Canadas : G. Heriot. 1807. Contains excellent illustrations and gives details of the life of the period as also does
Travels: John Lambert. 1808.
Letters from Canada: H. Gray. 1809.
Topographical Description of Lower Canada, with remarks upon Upper Canada: J. Bouchette. 1815.
Travels in the United States and Canada: Duncan. 1818.
Travels in Canada and the United States: F. Hall. 1818.
The Shoe and Canoe: J. J. Bigsby. 1850.
This book, though not published till many years later, deals with the period covered by this volume. It gives graphic descriptions of voyageur life, and of the condition of the country and its people in general. It contains several engravings of scenery.
Journal of Voyages and Travels: D. W. Harmon. 1820.
Life as a fur trader in the North-West.
Substance of a Journal: Rev. John West.
Selkirk Settlement, and Indian missions in the Maritimes.
Statistical Account of Upper Canada: R. F. Gourlay. 1822.
Hints to Emigrants: W. Bell. 1824.
Five Years' residence in the Canadas: E. A. Talbot. 1824.
Information on the Talbot Settlement.
Sketches of Upper Canada: Howison. 1825.
Personal Narrative of Travels: De Roos. 1826-27.
Three Years in Canada: John MacTaggart.
Graphic descriptions of country and people. Author worked on Rideau Canal survey.
Twenty-Seven Years in Canada West: Strickland. 1853.
Gives information regarding settlement life in Upper Canada during the period.
Travels in North America: Basil Hall. 1829.
Forest Scenes: Sir George Head. 1829.
V. SPECIAL TOPICS, PERIODS AND LOCALITIES
The Great Migration: E. C. Guillet.
Contains illustrations from contemporary sources.
History of the Settlement of Upper Canada: W. Canniff. 1869.
Contains much material on Loyalists.
Upper Canada Sketches: Conant.
Country Life in Canada: Canniff Haight.
History of Lennox and Addington: W. S. Herrington.
British Emigration to British North America: Helen Cowan.
Pioneer Life in Upper Canada: A. B. Sherk.
Many photographic illustrations.
The Province of Ontario: J. E. Middleton and Fred Landon.
Pioneers of Old Ontario: W. L. Smith.
Reminiscences and traditions.
Lake Huron: Fred Landon.
Our Struggle for the Fourteenth Colony: Justin Smith.
American Invasion of Canada, 1775-6.
Un General Allemand au Canada: Georges Monarque.
Information on Riedesel and German mercenaries in Revolutionary War.
Life of Joseph Brant: W. L. Stone.
Castorologia, or History and Traditions of the Canadian Beaver: H. T. Martin.
Five Fur Traders of the North West: Grace Lee Nute and G. M. Gates.
The North West Company: G. C. Davidson.
The Fur Trade: H. A. Innis.
Freshwater: G. A. Cuthbertson.
Many pictures of shipping on the Great Lakes.
Astoria: Washington Irving.
Narrative: Gabriel Franchere.
Adventures and Sufferings: John Jewitt.
These three books deal with the Pacific Coast.
Narrative of Journey to the Polar Sea: John Franklin.
Letters from Nova Scotia: W. Moorsom.
Historical and Statistical Account of Nova Scotia: T. C. Haliburton.
History of Nova Scotia: Beamish Murdoch.
The Medical Profession in Upper Canada, 1783-1850: W. Canniff.
Four Centuries of Medical History in Canada: J. J. Heagerty.
The Society of Friends in Canada: A. G. Dorland.
Case and his Cotemporaries: Carroll.
History of Methodism in Canada: Playter.
From Strachan to Owen: W. Perkins Bull.
From Macdonell to McGuigan: W. Perkins Bull.
These two books contain many portraits and other illustrations, and much information.
History of the Scotch Presbyterian Church, St. Gabriel Street, Montreal: Rev. Rob't. Campbell.
A Colony of Emigres in Canada, 1798-1816: Lucy E. Textor.
History of the Post Office: W. Smith.
Memoires: P. A. de Gaspe.
Memoirs of Sir Isaac Brock: F. B. Tupper.
Isaac Brock: W. Nursey.
Tecumseh: N. S. Gurd.
Operations of the Right Division: John Richardson.
1812, the War and its Moral: V. Coffin.
The Story of the Nancy: C. H. J. Snider.
In the wake of the Eighteen Twelvers: C. H.]. Snider.
Journal of W. H. Merritt.
Stirring Incidents in the life of a British Soldier: T. Faughnan.
Ten Years of Upper Canada, 1805-15: M. Edgar.
Local histories are numerous. They contain much valuable material, but in some cases their information should be checked by reference to other sources. The following list includes only a few of the large number published.
Toronto of Old: Rev. C. Scadding.
Landmarks of Toronto: J. Ross Robertson. (6 vols.)
History of the County of Pictou, N.S.: Rev. George Patterson.
Reminiscences of the Early History of Galt and Dumfries: James Young.
History of Niagara: Janet Carnochan.
Annals of Niagara: W. Kirby.
History of Kingston, Ont.: A. M. Machar.
Simcoe County: A. F. Hunter.
Leeds and Grenville: F. Leavitt.
Glengarry County: J. A. Macdonell.
Contains much information on early U.C. militia.
Brant County: F. W. Reville.
Dundas County: J. Croil.
Wentworth County: J. H. Smith.
Lennox and Addington: W. S. Herrington.
The Talbot Papers: James Coyne. Royal Society of Canada, 1909.
The Talbot Regime: C. 0. Ermatinger.
In the Days of the Canada Company: Lizars.
The Perkins Bull Series on the History of Peel County.
Longueuil: Jodoin and Vincent.
The Seigneury of Lauzon: J. E. Roy.
St. Denis, Richelieu: Abbe J. B. A. Allaire.
Fergus: H. Templin.
History of Central New Brunswick: L. M. Beckwith Maxwell.
Montreal, under British Rule: W. H. Atherton.
Many novels and poems on Canadian historical themes give a living picture of the past. They vary in their degree of accuracy as to details, but those in the following list may be considered as authentic in their general atmosphere. They are instructive also as representing the ideals and opinions of the periods in which they were written.
The Bastonnais: J. T. Lesperance. 1877.
The American Invasion of Canada, 1775-6.
The History of Emily Montague: Frances Brooke. 1769.
Written by the wife of the British Chaplain in Quebec, this first Canadian novel gives a vivid picture of the social life of the period. It has been reprinted under the editorship of Lawrence Burpee.
Wacousta: John Richardson.
The siege of Detroit by Pontiac. Melodramatic and romantic, reflects the sentiments of the time.
The Canadian Brothers: John Richardson.
On War of 1812.
The U.E.: William Kirby.
Narrative poem on Loyalists, by the author of The Golden Dog.
Tecumseh: Charles Mair. 1886.
Poetic drama on War of 1812.
Laura Secord: S. A. Curzon.
Drama on heroine of Beaver Dams.
The Old Judge: T. C. Haliburton.
Short stories and sketches of early Nova Scotia history.
Boughs Bend Over: M. Parlow French.
Thorn Apple Tree: Grace Campbell.
These two recent novels of early pioneer life in Ontario give intimate and authentic details and a convincing imaginative reconstruction of the period.
His Majesty's Yankees: T. H. Raddall.
A graphic presentation of Nova Scotia life at the period of the American Revolution.
Guns of Burgoyne: Bruce Lancaster.
Vivid and authentic. Remarkable for its lifelike characterization of Madame Riedesel and other personages of the Revolutionary Period.
Oliver Wiswell: Kenneth Roberts.
Sympathetic portrait of a Loyalist. Realistic view of the Revolution. Both these works by American authors show an understanding of the British and Canadian point of view. They are outstanding imaginative reconstructions of the past, based on extensive study of historical documents.
Recits d'Histoire Canadienne: E. Z. Massicotte.
Vielles Choses, Vielles Gens: G. Bouchard.
Le Duel au Canada: AEgidius Fauteux.
Old Province Tales, N.S.: A. MacMechan.
Old Province Tales, U.C.: W. R. Riddell.
Les Ecclesiastiques et les Royalistes Francais refugies au Canada: N. E. Dionne.
Les Lettres Canadiennes d'autrefois: Seraphin Marion.
Artistes Peintres, canadiens-fran,ais: G. Bellevive.
The Chronicles of Canada Series and The Makers of Canada include several works relating to this period.
VI. PERIODICAL PUBLICATIONS
In addition to the publications cited in Vol. I, those of the large number of historical societies throughout Canada should be consulted. It is impossible here to give a complete list, but among the most voluminous and informative may be mentioned.
Ontario Historical Society-Papers and Records.
Niagara Historical Society-Publications.
London and Middlesex Historical Society-Transactions.
Welland County Historical Society-Papers and Records.
Women's Canadian Historical Society, Toronto-Transactions.
Lennox and Addington Historical Society-Papers and Records.
Lawson Memorial Library, University of Western Ontario, London-Western Ontario Historical Notes.
New Brunswick Historical Society-Publications.
Nova Scotia Historical Society-Publications.
British Columbia Historical Quarterly.
Hudson's Bay Company-The Beaver.
Excellent illustrations, many historical articles.
VII. MUSEUMS AND LIBRARIES
Many of those mentioned in Vol. I contain pictures and objects connected with this period. Throughout the various provinces also there are numerous smaller museums with local collections. Public libraries often contain documents, letters, diaries, portraits, views and relics relating to their localities. This department of library work is receiving increasing attention, and many libraries now include a section devoted to local history. Some Women's Institutes also have gathered similar material. These collections are of varying degrees of importance and of convenience for inspection; many of them are cramped for space and lack sufficient financial support; but all should be examined in the quest for material indispensable to the graphic reconstruction of our past. Unexpected or long sought information is often to be found in these minor collections. They should never be ignored or overlooked, however heterogeneous and unimportant they may appear. Diligent search will sometimes reward the historical detective with the discovery of a unique and characteristic specimen or document. The number of these local repositories is so great that no attempt can be made here to compile a complete directory of them. Some are mentioned in the notes. Others wherein I have found useful material are included in the following list:
Fort York, Toronto, Ont.
Fort George, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ont.
Fort Erie, Ont.
Fort Henry, Kingston, Ont.
All these have been reconstructed, and are themselves object lessons in history. All contain exhibits of military uniforms, equipment, arms and artillery.
Fort Wellington, Prescott, Ont.
Queen's University, Kingston, Ont.
Murney Tower, Kingston, Ont.
An historical monument containing military and pioneer relics.
Museum, Amherstburg, Ont.
Relics of Fort Malden and local material.
Willistead Library, Winsor, Ont.
George F. Macdonald collection of books, pictures and documents, many of them relating to the Detroit frontier.
University of Western Ontario, London, Ont.
The Lawson Memorial Library contains an extensive collection of items illustrating the local history of Western Ontario, in particular numbers of early agricultural journals, the J. Davis Barnett collection of books and clippings, many of them early technical and mechanical handbooks, and the thesis of C.]. Buck on Pioneer Arts and Architecture, profusely illustrated.
Bran Couinty Historical Society Museum, Public Library Brantford, Ont.
Articles of domestic use, Indian relics, fire-fighting apparatus, lighting fixtures, and other pioneer relics.
Norfolk Historical Society Museum, Simcoe, Ont.
Contains the collection of paintings of portraits and buildings by W. E. Cantelon.
Public Library, Hamilton, Ont.
Contains many valuable books, documents and pictures relating to the history of the locality.
Dundurn Castle, Hamilton, Ont.
Itself a historical monument, it houses a collection of objects, furniture, utensils, weapons and pictures. Guide book, by Melville Bailey, gives full information regarding the buildings and exhibits.
Waterloo Historical Society Museum, Public Library, Kitchener, Ont.
Files of early local newspapers, documents, relics and pictures, etc.
Huron Institute, Collingwood, Ont.
Large collection of pictures, etc., illustrating the history of shipping on the Great Lakes. Catalogue issued.
Museum, Niagara-On-The-Lake, Ont.
Extensive and valuable collection of local history material.
Gage Homestead, Stoney Creek, Ont.
Domestic furniture, portraits, scrap-books.
Brant House, Burlington, Ont.
Excellent reconstruction, with nucleus of museum, including some Brant relics.
The Perkins Bull Collection, High School and Public Library, Brampton, Ont.
Extensive collection of pictures, relics, etc., relating to Peel County history.
Public Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Ont.
Many documents, newspaper files, pictures, etc.
J. Ross Robertson Collection, Public Library, Toronto, Ont.
Extensive collection of local views, portraits, etc., covering the history of Toronto and vicinity.
Colborne Lodge, Howard Park, Toronto, Ont.
Domestic articles, furniture, etc.
Canadian Military Institute, Toronto, Ont.
Uniforms, arms, books and documents.
Academy of Medicine, Toronto, Ont.
Contains some interesting material illustrating early Ontario Medical history.
Temple of the Children of Peace, Sharon, Ont.
Farm implements, household articles, etc.
Barnum House, Near Grafton, Ont.
Fine example of early nineteenth century domestic architecture, restored, and furnished in style of period.
Bytown Museum, Ottawa, Ont.
Museum of Historical Society of Argenteuil County, Carillon, Que.
Laval University, Quebec, Que.
Musee De Seminarie Des Trois Rivieres, Que.
Manoir Mauvide-Genest, Ile d'Orleans, Que.
Excellent specimen of manor. house, with collection of furniture, etc.
Manoir Richelieu, Murray Bay, Que.
Largest collection of early Canadian prints, paintings and drawings.
Public Archives of Nova Scotia, Halifax, N.S.
Portraits, views, ship models, etc.
Province House, Halifax, N.S.
Public Library and Museum, Yarmouth, N.S.
Museum, Memorial Park, Grand Pre. N.S.
St. Edward's Church, Clementport, N.S.
Museum, Green Hill, N.S.
De La Tour Museum, Centre East Pubnico, N.S.
Hudson's Bay Company Museum, Winnipeg, Man.
Large collection of objects connected with the history of Northern and Western Canada.
Cathedral, St. Boniface, Man.
Museum in crypt, containing Metis material, etc.
Saskatchewan Historical Society Museum, Regina, Sask.
University of Saskatchewan Museum, Saskatoon, Sask.
Museum, Battleford, Sask.
Provincial Museum, Victoria, B.C.
British Columbia Archives, Victoria, B.C.
Researchers should consult the very full list of Canadian Historical Museum Collections, compiled by Miss G. M. Kidd, published in The Canadian Historical Review, September, 1940.