Map Showing Locations of Western Indian Tribes
C.W. Jefferys' notes about this picture from The Picture Gallery of Canadian History Volume 1
Western Indian Tribes in Early Eighteenth Century. Based on Map of Geological Survey and National Museum, Canada
When the white men came into contact with the western Indians early in the eighteenth century, they found them grouped into four great language divisions:
1. The western extension of the Algonkians.
2. Athapaskans, occupying the country north of the Churchill River to the Eskimo territory and the Yukon.
3. Siouans, composed of Gros Ventres and Assiniboines, or, as they were sometimes called, Stoneys, in the country south of the Algonkian group. Later the Stoneys moved west to the foothills.
4. Pacific Coast and Mountain Indians, comprising several tribes, speaking different languages.
The general locations of the tribes are shown on the map, which is based on the excellent coloured map in The Indians of Canada, by Diamond Jenness.
- Jefferys, Charles W. 1942 The Picture Gallery of Canadian History Volume 1, p.6