Map Showing Location of Eastern Indian Tribes
Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1972-26-124
C.W. Jefferys' notes about this picture from The Picture Gallery of Canadian History Volume 1
Locations of Eastern Indian Tribes about the time of Cartier. Based on Map of Geological Survey and National Museum, Canada
The Eastern Indian tribes formed two main groups, speaking different languages: the lroquoian and the Algonkian.
In 1535 Cartier found Iroquoians occupying the St. Lawrence region, including the villages of Stadacona (Quebec) and Hochelaga (Montreal) . Seventy years later Champlain found this territory in the possession of Indians whose language was different from that recorded in a list of words made by Cartier. Evidently during this period the lroquoians had been pushed out of the St. Lawrence valley by the more northern and eastern tribes of Algonkians. By Champlain's time the lroquoians were settled around Lake Ontario and north of Lake Erie.
The Algonkians were the most wide-spread group of Indians speaking much the same language. They extended from the Atlantic coast to the western prairies.
- Jefferys, Charles W. 1942 The Picture Gallery of Canadian History Volume 1, p.5