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Dog Pack
Horse Travois
Dog Travois

The elm-bark canoe was not equal to the birch-bark for speed, portaging or durability. It was heavy, difficult to put together, almost impossible to render water-tight, and split easily on contact with rocks.

Building a birch bark canoe. Felling trees by burning and chopping with a stone axe. Stripping birch bark. A dug out canoe was made by shaping a log, charring the inside, and then scraping it with sharp stones.

How a shirt or poncho was made
How the deer skins were cut
War bonnet, poncho, leggings
A woman's dress made of 2 skins

The clothing of the Indians varied according to the nature of the country which they inhabited. In addition to the skins of fur-bearing animals, which they used as robes, they also fashioned garments fitted to the body.

The beaming tool was so named because the skin to be dressed was laid over a smooth log or beam from which the bark had been stripped.

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