"Brown Bess" or "Tower" Musket
C.W. Jefferys' notes about this picture from The Picture Gallery of Canadian History Volume 2
The early cartridge was made of a charge of powder and a bullet wrapped in paper, and tied at the ends. The soldier bit off one end and poured the contents into the muzzle of the musket, which was held upright while being loaded and the charge pounded down with the ramrod seen in the drawing in a slot on the under side of the barrel. The soldier was clean shaven, but in battle his lips became blackened with powder from biting the cartridges. It is said that skulls unearthed at Lundy's Lane eighty years after the battle showed front teeth blackened by cartridge powder. The bayonet blade was three sided, and set to one side of a hollow stock which fitted over the musket muzzle.
- Jefferys, Charles W. (1945) The Picture Gallery of Canadian History Volume 2, p.14