A Jesuit Preaching to the Indians
Illustration from Pen & Ink
Signed l.L.: C.W. JEFFERYS
Credit: Library and Archives Canada
C.W. Jefferys' notes about this picture in Canada's Past in Pictures
The conversion of the Indians to Christianity was one of the earliest and most important objects of the French in Canada. Champlain, who was sincerely pious, declared that the salvation of one soul was of more value than the conquest of an empire. He pleaded for missionaries, and in response to his appeal, priests of the Recollet branch of the Order of St. Francis came to Canada in 1615. For ten years these Franciscan friars laboured among the Indians, not only in Huronia, but in Acadia, and on the Lower St. Laurence and the Ottawa. But they found the field too large for the resources of their Order, and in 1625 they begged the assistance of the great missionary Society of Jesus in the work.
In June of that year three Jesuit priests and two lay brothers arrived in Canada, the first of these black-robed missionaries who for many years toiled with unflinching courage and patience among the savage tribes. Their work covered all the country, from the Atlantic coast to the western prairies, and from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico. Wherever the explorer and the fur-trader went, there, too, went the Jesuit priest.
Many of them were of gentle birth, men of culture and learning and refinement of manners: but in devotion to their cause they lived in the filthy villages of the Indians in discomfort and loneliness, learning their languages, preaching the gospel, visiting the sick and dying, enduring all the privations of long and toilsome journeys. They were in constant peril, many were broken in health by the life of exposure. Others suffered indescribable tortures that ended in a martyr's death. The story of the Jesuit missions in Canada is one of unsurpassed heroism and devotion.
- Paterson, Gilbert. The Story of Britain and Canada.
- Ibid . The story of our people. Toronto, Ryerson, 1933, 1938. 429 p. Illus. Several artists, but most by CWJ. Assume CW did explanatory notes for at least his illustrations. p. 73 - “A Jesuit missionary preaching to the Hurons”
- Jefferys, Charles W. 1934 Canada's Past in Pictures, p. 34
- Jefferys, Charles W. 1942 The Picture Gallery of Canadian History Vol. 1, p. 97
- Long, Morden H. A history of the Canadian people: vol. 1, New France. Toronto, Ryerson, 1942. 376 p. Illus. [note: only vol. 1 was published] p. 129 - “Jesuit preaching to the Indians”
- Woodley, E.C. Old Quebec trails and homes. Toronto, Ryerson, 1946. 137 p. Illus. p. 19 - “Jesuit preaching to the Indians”
- Scott, James. Huron County in pioneer times. Seaforth, Ontario, Huron County Historical Committee, 1954. 87 p. Illus. p. 16 - “Jesuit preaching to the Indians”
- Encyclopedia Canada. Toronto, Grolier, 1957-1958. v. Illus. v. 9, p. 60 - “A Jesuit missionary preaches to the Indians”
- Dicks, Stewart K. Les Canadiens: the French in Canada, 1600-1867. Scarborough, Ont., Prentice-Hall, 1980. 49 p. Illus. p. 20 - “A Jesuit missionary preaching to a group of native people”
- Smith, Donald B. “What’s in a name?” In Horizon Canada, v. 7, no. 73, 1986, p. 1748-1752. Illus. p. 1749 - “Jesuit preaching to Indians”
- Francis, R. Douglas. Origins: Canadian history to Confederation. 6th ed. Toronto, Nelson Education, 2009. 479 p. Illus. p. 57 - “A Jesuit preaching to the Algonquians of the Great Lakes.” "The drawing is by C.W. Jefferys (1869-1951), well known for his reconstructions of Canadian history. Source: Library and Archives Canada/C-5855.”
- Begbie Contest Society. “Canadian primary sources in the classroom: New France.” July 2017, 109 p. Illus. http://www.begbiecontestsociety.org/NewFrance.htm Accessed July 27, 2017.