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Wednesday, February 1, 2017

My first sight of the country, which was to exert such an important influence on my career, was, when after crossing the more cultivated wheat-belt of Manitoba, the wonders of the Prairie flashed upon my eyes in Saskatchewan and Alberta. - C.W. Jefferys

From the painting by J.Weaver, in Province House, Halifax

Joseph Brant's House at Burlington. Drawing based on painting by M. Fisher, King's Head Inn. From The Diary of Mrs. Simcoe. Burlington Beach, from the south-east.

Robert Field, born Gloucester, England, about 1770. Came to America about 1792, and worked in New York, Philadelphia, Washington and Boston until 1808, when he settled in Halifax until his death in 1819.

Albert Gallatin Hoit, or Hoyt (1809-1856), born in New Hampshire, worked for a time in Boston. He visited Saint John, N.B., and later, about 1840, Halifax...

The first Legislative Buildings in York were situated at the lower end of the present Berkeley Street. They were burned by the Americans during the occupancy of York in April, 1813.

Conger Meeting House, 1810, St. Paul's Adolphustown, 1795, Hay Bay Meeting House, 1792

Most of the early Quebec churches existing today were built during the period from about 1770 to 1825.

The corner stone of the Nelson monument was laid in 1809. Near it was the pillory where criminals were exposed with a label on their breasts stating the nature of their offence.

This picture is copied from a lithograph by H. Linch, after a painting by H. D. Thielcke. It shows the official or gala costume worn by Canadian Indian chiefs about 1796.

Shaft and mill stones,plan of water power transmission

The beautifully carpentered crane resembles an engraving in Oliver Evans's Young Mill-wright's Guide, but is more elegant in design.

In 1797 Count Joseph de Puisaye, a refugee from the French Revolution, laid a plan before the British Government for the settlement of a number of French Royalist émigrés on lands to be granted to them in Canada.

The Caléche was a two-wheeled vehicle in use in Lower Canada, similar to the one-hoss shay, or chaise of New England with the addition of a seat in front for the driver.

Calf-skin trunk, band box, pig-skin trunk, saddle bags, portmanteau, hat box, brass lock

Bedsteads were furnished with a canopy, called a tester, and side curtains which could be drawn close to keep out draughts and night air, which was thought to be harmful to health.

Much of the pioneer furniture was home-made, in spells of leisure on rainy days and in winter, or by a neighbouring carpenter.

This page is planned to show the changes in the shape of the axe from the European tool of the first settlers on this continent to the typical North American axe of the nineteenth century.

The Hewing Axe was used by lumbermen for squaring timbers for rafting and stowage in vessels, and by carpenters for smoothing beams, planks and rafters.

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